Lotteries are widely used to decide places (seats) at schools, colleges and universities. Conall Boyle explores many examples to find out why. The emotional turmoil that the use of ballots can cause to students and parents alike is graphically described.
Thomas Gataker was a disputatious Puritan divine. His The Nature and Uses of Lotteries (1627) was the first systematic exposition of a modern view of lotteries, not just as a form of gambling, but as a fair method of division.
The 'Other' Psychology of Julian Jaynes Ancient Languages, Sacred Visions, and Forgotten Mentalities Brian J. McVeigh
Your Brain's Politics How the Science of Mind Explains the Political Divide George Lakoff